Busybodys of Bezwada AP

Busybodys of Bezwada, AP

Vijayawada set to regain pre-eminence as Andhra Pradesh’s capital

Vijayawada set to regain pre-eminence as Andhra Pradesh's capital
Andhra Pradesh chief minister N Chandrababu Naidu
HYDERABAD: With Vijayawada being announced as the capital city of residuary Andhra Pradesh on Thursday by chief minister N Chandrababu Naidu, this historical and cultural hub is all set to regain its glory and pre-eminent position.Vijayawada in Krishna district of coastal Andhra Pradesh has traditionally occupied a prominent place in the history of Telugus.Krishna district gets its name from Krishna, the third largest river that flows in India. The holy river originates near Mahabaleswar (Maharashtra) and joins the Bay of Bengal near Hamsaladevi Village in the district.READ ALSO: Andhra Pradesh’s new capital to be located in Vijayawada region: NaiduKrishna is considered the kernel of Telugu culture and is the birth place of the famous Indian classical dance form — Kuchipudi. The dialect of Telugu spoken in Krishna is often considered to be the standard form of Telugu.

A commercial hub, the Vijayawada region, is also known for the contribution of its freedom fighters, entrepreneurial spirit and strides in the cultural field.

Dharanikota in present day Guntur district, neighbouring Vijayawada, was the first capital of Simukha, the founder of Satavahana dynasty in 3rd century BC, according to official records of Andhra Pradesh government.

The present Nagarjunakonda in Guntur district, which was known as Sriparvata and Vijayapuri, was the capital of Ikshvaku kings.

After the Ikshvakus, a part of the Andhra region north of the river Krishna was ruled over by Jayavarma of Brihatphalayana ‘gotra’.


Krishna river in Vijayawada

Salankayanas ruled over a part the East Coast with Vengi (near Eluru around 60 kms from Vijayawada) as their capital.

After the Salankayanas, next to rule were Vishnukundins who occupied the territory between the Krishna and Godavari.

The Vishnukundins extended patronage to architecture and sculpture.

The cave temples at Mogalrajapuram and Undavalli near Vijayawada bear testimony to their artistic taste. The ruins of the fort at Kondapalli in Krishna district hail back to Reddy Kingdom. Subsequently, the area came under the Vijayanagara Empire.

The temple in Srikakulam village in Krishna district was built by the Vijayanagara Kings. The area then passed on to the Qutub Shahis and later to the Nizams.

The office of the two important ministers during the Qutub Shahi rule – Madanna and Akkana -was in Vijayawada due to their reverence towards Goddess Kanaka Durga, the famous temple in Vijayawada.

The rulers from Golconda were the first to patronise European traders to establish themselves in Masulipatnam (now Machilipatnam, the administrative capital of Krishna district).

The Portuguese may have been the earliest, followed by the Dutch and the English.

In 1611, the English founded their settlement at Masulipatnam, which was their headquarters until they finally moved to Madras (Chennai) in 1641. In 1761, in return for supporting Nizam Ali Khan in his succession to Golconda, the English secured their first division at Masulipatnam from the Nizams.

Initially, the division was administered by a chief and a council at Masulipatnam. In 1794, collectors, directly responsible to the Board of Revenue were appointed at Masulipatnam, making Krishna Collectorate, one among the oldest collectorates in the country.

 

Sid Harth (USA)
Forget about mythology. Forget about Simukha, the founder of Satvahana dynasty. Forget about occupation of Muslim rulers, such as Nizam or their cousins, Qutubs. Forget about concocted or real history. The population of Bezwada, not its Sanskritization, Vijayawada, in 1871 was 8,206. Estimated population in 2011: 1,491,202. No other dynasty–rulers developed infrastructure or agriculture economy. It was British, who added value to that region. If truth be told, I do not approve the selection of this city or any part of agriculture land to be converted to a modern ‘smart city.’ It can never be Hyderabad, Bangalore, Mumbai, Poona or Chennai. Oops, Forgot all about Kolkata and NOIDA. Unholy rush to announce it, may mess the real estate prices, by speculators and politicians to grab lands skewing cost the Andhra Pradesh–residual–capital. Unless, all current land values are frozen, till city ‘town planning is drawn, presented to the legislature, approved and provided with funds. …and I am Sid Harth
Copyright © 2014 Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. All rights reserved

Cities » Vijayawada

Updated: September 5, 2014 00:37 IST

From glorified village to capital city

J. R. Shridharan

Speaking to The Hindu on Thursday, he said the city should prepare to welcome people from all parts of the country with open arms. “More number of corporates will come and more number of professionals will prefer to make the city their second home. It is time the locals changed their attitude and lifestyle,” Mr. Berry says.

However, K. Pattabhi Ram, president of Vijayawada Hotel Owners Association, felt the social life would remain the same as the region was surrounded by villages. “Vijayawada and Guntur, will witness spurt in hospitality sector as several projects are in the pipeline. Though number of star hotels will come up it will take some time for pub and discotheque culture to make its way in the region.”

He said Vijayawada region, unlike Hyderabad, was known for its restrained behaviour and gave more importance to customs and traditions. “Rural background dominates the ethos of the region.”

Race course

The region also yearns for a new race course. “The Hyderabad Race Club tote centre at Yalamanchalli complex is getting many enquiries about the possible new race course. We need at least Rs.100 crore for a full-fledged one. We need to have space for 18 to 24 horses to run in tandem in the circle. Provisions like swimming pool for the horses, veterinary hospital, jockey training centre, administrative block, cash counters, galleries with VIP boxes and cafeteria are a must. Race course maintenance is an expensive affair,” said Phani Babu, tote in-charge.

Golf course

There is also a need have a golf club for an emerging capital city. “With the city expected to attract foreigners and tourists in the days to come, the need go have a golf club is must,” said K.P. Rao, Krishna District Olympic Association. “We need around 100 acres to establish a full-fledged 18-hole course with all facilities,” said G. J. J. Raju, a member of century-old East Point Gold Club at Visakhapatnam.

Vijayawada smiles at a bright future

G. V. R. Subba Rao

 

  • These artistes are all smiles near the Telugu Talli Statue at Tummalapalli Kalakshetram after the announcement of capital in Vijayawada on Thursday. - PHOTO: V. RAJU
    THE HINDU These artistes are all smiles near the Telugu Talli Statue at Tummalapalli Kalakshetram after the announcement of capital in Vijayawada on Thursday. – PHOTO: V. RAJU

Denizens express hope that the region will witness giant strides. Vijayawada MP Kesineni Srinivas said the State government had taken a historic decision. “It will pave way for ‘Swarnandhra’,” he said.

The city erupted in joy as Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu made the announcement on developing the Vijayawada region as the capital of Andhra Pradesh on Thursday. People from all walks of life were all smiles and felt a bright future awaited them.

“Vijayawada city will make giant strides in the years to come. There is no need for my children to go to Hyderabad anymore. We will find jobs here,” said M. Chandrasekhar, a vegetable vendor at Chuttugunta.

“The government took the right decision. Our job and education opportunities will improve, and we can also enjoy all the trappings of the capital city,” said S. Deepak, a student of Kakatiya Junior College.

But, for the commoners, it is a question of cost of living, inflation and the perils of urbanisation. Satyanarayana, a flower vendor, said landlords, house owners and business folks would benefit more. How about the tenants? Rents have already hit the roof and will go up further. The middle class and the poor will be the worst-affected.

Vijayawada MP Kesineni Srinivas said the State government had taken a historic decision. “It will pave way for ‘Swarnandhra’,” he said.

Greater Vijayawada Builders’ Association chairman Gadde Rajling welcomed the decision. He expressed hope that the region would witness unprecedented development in the days to come. Andhra Chamber of Commerce and Industry president Mutthavarapu Muralikrishna said the chamber had done a survey in 13 districts on the suitability of various locations.

“Vijayawada got the highest marks. People from any place in the State can reach the city in six hours,” he said.

 Copyright© 2014, The Hindu

…and I am Sid Harth

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